Volume 60 (2021)

H. O. Bandura
PhD, Associate Prof., Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv


The article reviews the publications of emigration issues dedicated to the activities of the Coryphee theater. It is stated that the theater has occupied an important place in the life of emigrants since the time of the first Ukrainian settlers in the “pioneer era”. Theatrical life continued even during and after both world wars in the camps of captured Ukrainian soldiers, where plays by M. Kropyvnytskyi, M. Starytskyi and I. Karpenko-Karyi were performed. It is noted that the studying of the Coryphee theater phenomenon was an essential component of education, in particular for students of the Ukrainian Free University (Vienna, Prague, Munich). It became the subject of scientific studies, which results were used in the educational process. These include the works “Ukrainian Theater” (1923) by D. Antonovich and “Theater” (1951) by I. Mirchuk. The Coryphee theater is mentioned in a number of works of a synthetic nature, which are “An Essay on Ukrainian Culture” (1961) by V. Yaniv, “The Ukrainian Culture” (1994) by I. Mirchuk, “A Thousand Years of Ukrainian Culture” (1985) by M. Semchyshyn. Much work is dedicated to activity of the Coryphee theater in S. Chorny’s monograph “Karpenko-Kary and Theater” (1978), which traces the artist’s life – as a playwright and an actor – and outlines his theatrical and aesthetic principles. The work by D. Antonovych “Three Hundred Years of Ukrainian Theater” (1925) reveals the breadth of the chosen material and the depth of its analysis, whereby the development of the Coryphee theater and the multifaceted activity of its creators are analyzed in the contemporary socio-political context. It is established that emigration researchers consider the Coryphee theater not only an outstanding artistic phenomenon, but also an important factor to strengthen the national identity of the colonized Ukrainian people. The latter made these researches to be distinctly polemical towards Soviet theatrical studies sustained in the spirit of Marxist ideology.

Keywords: the Coryphee theater, emigration, culture, education, science

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