Volume 61 (2021)

V. F. Pogrebennik
Dr Hab., Prof. National Pedagogical University named after M. P. Drahomanov, Kyiv


The article investigates the Roman Olynyk-Rachmanny’s essays and his journalist articles, dedicated to the life and creativity of Lesya Ukraїnka and Ukrainian famous writers from her generation. It is covered in logical order, how the understanding of the poetics of the writers poetry developed in accordance with their vision and perception by R. Olynyk (pen-name Roman Rachmanny, 1918–2012). The content of his articles, essays etc. reveales Lesya Ukraїnka’s individual contribution to the dynamics of the system of genres, the improvement of lyrics personosphere and technical means of the literary modeling of reality, the combination of realism and romanticism in Ukrainian lyrics and drama of the end of the XIX-th – beginning of the XX-th centuries.

Roman Olynyk, well-known in North America journalist and scholar (PhD Montreal University), historian and literary critic, is also considered as an ambassador of the Ukrainian culture in free Western World, who through his more than 1300 publications in Polish, English, Dutch, German, French and Norwegian languages drew attention to Ukrainian struggle for Freedom, popularized the creative achievements of the Ukrainian literary coryphaeus T. Shevchenko, I. Franko, Lesya Ukraїnka’s and others. His reasoning about Lesya Ukraїnka, V. Stefanyk, as it proved in article, is still marked by accurate definitions and symbolic assessments, interesting literary parallels, exspressed with knowledge of the case with critical remarks. The scientist righly affirmed the ascending evolution of the writer, who permanent enriched the recipients with new fruits of his socially significant talent, with represented the hole “Ukraina militans” (against tzarist Russia opression) and delved into the people’s soul. With good reason, R. Olynyk-Rachmanny emphasized her skill as an observer and psychologist, a master of sharp thoughs, and finally as intellectual-democrat, who promoted humanism, patriotism and high idealism of the Ukrainian literature’s classic heritage.

Key words: literature, perception, essays, genre, pathos, patriotism, lyrics, innovation.

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