Volume 60 (2021)

N. M. Нaievska, O. V. Нaievska


The article deals with the evolutionary features of I. K. Karpenko-Kary’s drama, its innovative character and its assessment by S. Efremov, emphasizes the role of I. Karpenko-Karyi in the development of Ukrainian theater and drama.

Thanks to the luminaries of the Ukrainian stage (M. Starytsky, M. Kropyvnytsky, I. Karpenko-Karyi), the Ukrainian professional theater thereinafter gained fame and recognition. The works by I. Karpenko-Karyi of the last period (“Vanity”, “Sea of Life”, etc.) testified that the writer was worried about the problems that hurt the people. According to S. Efremov’s observations, the author brings this or that psychological problem to the forefront, such as “The Miserable”, “The Mercenary”, “Father’s Tale”, “Martin Borulya” and others. However, in them, too, the social element is time and time again the background against which Karpenko-Kary’s psychological images creep in typically captured, individually processed, and transferred to paper alive. Having set himself a psychological task, the author equips it with the power of characteristic details, typical features, traces the development of feelings from the embryo to its last manifestations, often using the method of contrasts to shade the psychology he needs better (Sofia and Varka in “The Miserable”). The bifurcation of feelings (“The Miserable”), the perversion of pure nature (“The Mercenary”), jealousy (“Father’s Tale”), ambitions (“Martin Borulya”) carried out in front of the reader boldly, truthfully, with fascinating details and the power of current household lines.

I. Karpenko-Kary’s plays – social-domestic, psychological, historical or historical-domestic (according to S. Efremov) – were and are still relevant today. As the literary historian rightly remarks, “it was a deep, unique talent that was able to remain itself from time to time, and even touching sometimes on old topics, he gave something of his own, Karpenkivsky,” he drank, as the French say, from his own glass. And to measure it and weigh how big it was is a matter of the history of our writing, where Karpenko-Karom is given one of the most interesting pages in general”.

Keywords: character, morality, evolutionary development, character, context, traditions.

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