The article considers the peculiarities of using comic, namely irony and satire, in M. Kropyvnytsky’s dramatic sketch “For revision” and the novel by Y. Vinnychuk “Malva Landa”. There were analyzed the means of creating a comic effect are used in these works of art, and traced their evolution. It is determined that M. Kropyvnytsky in his sketch “For revision” modelled contradictions on the principle of oxymoron, used associative irony, sound metathesis, lead certain moments in the work to the situational absurd, trying to expose the most disgusting aspects of country life of that time. Instead, Y. Vynnychuk uses a wider range of means of modeling irony and satire in the novel “Malva Landa”. In the artistic arsenal of the modern writer we find such innovative tools as lexical alogisms, occasional neologisms, nonsense and absurd stories, means of comic modality of stereotypical expressions. It is noted that the modern author throughout the work plays a game with a reader on many levels – semantic, subtextual and linguistic. Semantic and linguistic game is manifested in various means: from undisguised irony in reflecting concerning current policy, art, work of government officials, etc. to different species of pun based on sound similarity and etymological play on words, on hidden or obvious absurdity, illogical combination of meanings. It is found that both writers used mainly a complex comedy in their works, that encourages a reader to analyze and reflect, and the traditional use of mean of irony and satire in their works is the result of national identity and similar attitude to the problems of indifference and inaction of officials, thoughtless submission of people to those who a priori cannot benefit society. The differences concentrated in the plane of the difference between literary directions and artists’ general stylistic manners.
Keywords: comic, irony, satire, sarcasm, absurdity, grotesque, associative irony, nonsense, pun