The article investigates the Ivan Franko’s historical-literature and theatrical publications, dedicated to the life and creativity of famous Ukrainian dramatist Ivan Karpenko-Karyy (Ivan Tobilevych, 1845–1907). It is covered in chronological order how the understanding of the poetics of the writers’ drama developed in accordance with their vision and perception by I. Franko. The content of his reviewes, articles, etc. reveales I. Karpenko-Karyy’s individual contribution to the dynamics of the system of genres, the improvement of personosphere and technical means of dramatic modeling of reality, the combination of realism and romanticism in drama of the end of the XIX-th – beginning of the XX-th centuries. I. Franko – well-known dramatist, literary and theater critic, is also considered as an ambassador of the Ukrainian professional theater in Austria-Hungary and Russia, who, through his publications in Polish, Czech, Hungarian and Russian languages. drew attention to Ukrainian culture, popularized the creative achievements of the theater coryphaeus I. Karpenko-Karyy. I. Franko’s reasoning about І. Tobilevych, as it proved in article, is still marked by accurate definitions and symbolic assessments, interesting literary parallels, expressed with knowledge of the case with critical remarks. The scientist rightly affirmed the ascending evolution of the writer, who annually enriched the recipients with new fruits of his socially significant talent, with represented the hole of Ukraine and delved into the people’s soul. With good reason, І. Franko emphasized his skill as an observer and psychologist, a master of sharp conflicts, and finally as artist-democrat, who promoted humanism, patriotism and high idealism of the characters. Scholar’s understanding of the heritage by Karpenko-Karyy who was rightly considered one of the luminaries of national art, was closely connected with the complex realities of theatrical life in Ukraine, accompanied by the establishment of a canon of masters of new and modern literature and ahead its time by approaching the principles of receptive aesthetics and poetics, fenomenology, hermeneutics, communicative studies and other contemporary methodologies and theories.
Keywords: literature, art of theater, realism, composition, drama, comedy, psychologism, protagonist, dramatist-innovator, oppression of censorship, coryphaeus.