Volume 60 (2021)

М. М. Tsilyna
PhD., Associate Prof., Kyiv National University of Culture and Arts


The article considers onomastic word-forming acts in Marko Kropyvnytsky’s drama – onimization, transonymization and onymotransonimization. Onomastic word formation is a specific branch of linguistic cognition, which is still under scientific discussions. The state of study of this question is sharply dissonant with the available and obvious facts of existence of similar word-forming processes, especially in drama. All onyms found in Marko Kropyvnytsky’s works are defined by the term literary onomastic or poetonims. It is necessary to distinguish between poetonims, created by the author himself, and that which is taken to the work of art in, so to speak, the finished form, that is, existed before, but moved to another onomastic class – poetonims. In the second case we are dealing with the phenomena of onimization, transonymization and onymotransonimization. The title name of the luminary of the Ukrainian theater is specific, because the researched propriatives are based not only on individual words and combinations of tokens, but on whole paremic expressions that are onimized by a ready-made phrase set. Transonymization in the work of Marko Kropyvnytsky is presented more often. This process was revealed, first of all, during the transition of anthroponims to the class of poetoanthroponims. Usually the author uses the accepted names, patronims, and comes up with his own surnames, although it is no exception that some surnames also already existed. Therefore, in such cases, transonymization is more about names and patronims. In the context of the studied word-forming processes, the following division of poetonims in M. Kropyvnytsky’s drama is defined: vitopoetonims are the names of living nature objects in artistic contexts, in particular the names of people; topopoetonims – names of geographical objects in artistic contexts; ideopoetonims – ideonims in fiction. In addition to these wordforming acts, there is also a suffixal way of creating names and surnames and phonetic changes in the roots of words are revealed. Although the onomastics of the playwright’s work is not frequent and significant in number, it fully represents not only the known onomastic material, but also purely authorial nomenclature.

Keywords: vitopoetonim, dramonim, ideopoetonim, onimization, onimotransonimization, poetonim, topopoetonim, transonymization.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17721/2520-6346.60.226-233


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