Volume 64-1 (2023)

Sergiy Trymbach, Senior Researcher, Corresponding member of the National Academy of Arts of Ukraine
Institute of Art History, Folklore and Ethnology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv


The situation in literature, art, culture in general, in Ukraine and the world, calls for the development of a new categorical apparatus, analytical tools that will allow a deeper understanding of the nature of modern cultural transformations. Those, in particular, which caused a significant disconnect between the author and his audience, the leveling of the institution of literary and artistic criticism, new forms of social control over the artist’s behavior. Literary, and at the same time, artistic everyday life as a factor of cultural development began to be understood in the 1920s, when there were quite radical changes in the ways of functioning of literature and art and their correlation with non-artistic factors. Now, a hundred years later, the processes of that time are of particular interest. The reason is in many respects a similar process of restructuring socio-cultural institutions, the very relations of the writer and the artist with their
audience. This explains the formation of the concept of “literary everyday life” (Boris Eichenbaum, Yuriy Tynianov) and its use as an important tool in the analysis of literary and artistic processes. Vasyl Zemliak is one of the most prominent figures in the literature and cinema of the 1960s and 70s. In that period, writers willingly worked in the cinema. There are many reasons to talk about the film studios of that time as an institution that should be considered in the category of literary and artistic life. Because we are not talking about a factory complex, but about the sphere of creative living, a domestic environment that is not formalized in any way. Other such institutions were creative unions (primarily writers and cinematographers), publishing houses and editors of literary newspapers and magazines.

Keywords: literary life, literary and artistic institutions, writer, artist, literary evolution, literary process, literary union.

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